Safety Assurance Of Autonomy To Support The Fourth Industrial Revolution
29 Jul 2019388 KB
The advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) has many potential benefits in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness of factory operations. However, it also brings challenges relating to our ability to assure the safety of these more advanced manufacturing facilities. Where the operation of a system may adversely impact safety, it is necessary to show there is sufficient assurance that the system is safe to operate prior to deploying that system into operation. By assurance, we mean justified confidence in the properties and behaviour of the system. While assuring the safety of factory operations is always challenging, 4IR brings additional challenges and considerations that must be addressed. Many of these arise from the introduction of increased autonomy – the movement of responsibility for decision-making from humans to machines. The challenges of 4IR are exacerbated where artificial intelligence (AI) is used in system training and control, and by the greater use of robots in areas where there is close interaction between humans and machines (often referred to as cobots).