Thought leaders from all over the world reconvened in Yekaterinburg, Russia, for the second day of GMIS to discuss a host of topics related to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, including robotics and artificial intelligence, as well as challenges and opportunities the manufacturing sector is facing in Asia, and Visions for the future of aerospace and aerospace manufacturing.
YEKATERINBURG, Russia, 10 July 2019 – Evgeny Kuyvashev, Governor of Sverdlosk Region, officially opened the second day of the Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit (GMIS), which gathered thought leaders from the global manufacturing community to address key topics that are emerging as Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) technologies continue to drive the transformation of the global manufacturing sector.
In his opening remarks, Governor Kuyvashev welcomed delegates to one of Russia’s largest industrial regions and said he was confident the Summit would encourage the widespread introduction of advanced scientific research, open up new horizons in technology, help improve prospects for future generations, and optimise approaches to solving major challenges. He added that his region was working with representatives of business, science, and civil society, to seek innovative solutions and breakthrough technologies that do not harm the environment.
The second day of GMIS 2019 continued the dialogue around the role that manufacturers must play to support and advance the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
At the Innovation Theatre, British inventor and astrophysicist Jessica Jones gave a motivational speech to start-ups, encouraging them to let go of their fear of failure. Speaking as part of the Youth and Start-up programme, she shared her story of going from failing school exams, to recognition as the first female engineer of the year in the UK.
“Having grown up in south Wales, a long-time centre of manufacturing in the United Kingdom, I tapped into my local network to develop my own products, which included a mobile pregnancy monitoring device which reduced costs by 99%, making it affordable for women in third world countries, and in turn, saving lives.” She said.
The Mohammed bin Rashid Initiative for Global Prosperity (the Global Prosperity Initiative), an initiative of the Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit (GMIS), today revealed the four winners of its Global Maker Challenge which include The Rumie Initiative, TruTrade, GARV and A2P Energy. This was in the presence of H.E. Eng. Suhail Mohamed Faraj Al Mazrouei, UAE Minister of Energy & Industry and LI Yong, Director General of United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
The four winners and twelve runners-up each received a signed certificate of accomplishment by His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai. Each of the four winners were awarded US$100,000, whilst the twelve runners-up were awarded US$10,000 each. In addition, each winner will gain valuable recognition, global exposure and mentorship from established global organisations, taking the total value of the prize to US$1 million.
A panel discussion – Made in Asia – What now, what next? – focused on Asia’s rapid growth into a world-class manufacturing hub, characterised by significant government support for the sector. With 40% of the world’s population living in South and Eastern Asia alone, the region provides a diverse and exciting landscape for manufacturing. As the sector continues to grow, however, local Asian economies are facing challenges such as the pace of advancements in the Fourth industrial Revolution (4iR), and creating future-proof industrial policy strategies.
Dr. Rafaelita Aldaba, Undersecretary for Competitiveness and Innovation Group for the Department of Trade and Industry Group (DTI), Philippines, mentioned the country’s Inclusive Innovation Industrial Strategy (I3S) which aims at growing innovative and globally competitive manufacturing, agriculture, and services – and has innovation at its core. She revealed that the Philippines has grown at a remarkable rate over the last 7-8 years, posting on average a growth rate of over 6%. Much of this growth, Dr. Aldaba said, was driven by the manufacturing sector.
Xiao Sun, Director General of the Department of Multilateral Cooperation Chamber of International Commerce (CCOIC), said that in the last four decades China has seen a boom in economic development, especially through manufacturing. This is largely due to the big market it services, as well as traditionally low labour costs. He revealed that while the cost of labour and resources are rising, there hasn’t been a jump of FDI into China in the manufacturing industry. This is because, he said, the market is too big, and is continuing to grow because of the rise of the middle class in China. Speaking about the global value chain, China’s Belt & Road Initiative was also under discussion, with Sun calling it a value chain project and emphasised China’s desire to build value chain links with the rest of the world.
Experts in aerospace manufacturing also convened to discuss changes in the global aerospace business landscape in a panel entitled Visions for the Future of Aerospace and Aerospace Manufacturing. The industry is undergoing significant disruption driven by a keen focus on innovation and digital transformation. The panellists discussed key trends including propulsion, autonomous systems, additive manufactured parts, MRO emerging business models and technological transformation. Mansoor Janahi, CEO, Sanad Aerotech, joined Russian cosmonaut Sergey Avdeev to reflect on the evolution of the aerospace industry.
Janahi said the prospects for the sector were extremely promising as the global aircraft fleet is forecast to increase from 25,000 to 40,000 in the next decade. The panel said more investment needed to be directed into education as the aerospace industry faces a severe skill shortage, an additional 200,000 pilots alone will be needed to support the number of aircraft being produced. Avdeev shared some of his experiences on the international space station, including showing a film on the reality of daily life in a weightless environment.
Challenges facing the agricultural sector amid demands for increased productivity and sustainability were discussed during a session titled Agriculture: Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and the Food Security Challenge. Robotics and artificial intelligence can be used to enhance efficiency in agriculture, which relate to the issue of food security and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Summit heard.
Maxim Protasov, Head, Russian Quality System (Roskachestvo) said that according to the UN, by 2050 the global population will reach 10 billion people and the amount of food the world produces will need to rise by 70% to feed everyone. To achieve this target the sector would need to become a leading adopter of advanced technologies. Vertical farming was a recurring theme during the discussion, as this method allows companies to grow food in a small space while using a vertical racking system.
Sam Schatz, Head of Global Farm Development of Aerofarms, said that the company uses a combination of aeroponics and the latest in LED technology, and currently operates the world’s largest vertical farm in Jersey, which grows more than 100 varieties of leafy greens. Schatz emphasised the need to do more with fewer resources and revealed that the Aerofarms facility has 400 times the productivity per square foot than a regular farm. He also said the company was using machine algorithms and AI to predict yields and assess plant quality, and said there was a tremendous amount of potential with those technologies.
Other issues raised centred on how the skillset of people in the agricultural sector were an integral part of the discussion. Riccardo Savigliano, Chief of Agro-Industries Technologies, Department of Agriculture of United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) highlighted the organisation’s efforts in transferring technology and skills to developing countries, and that the aim is to ensure societies are ready for these changes when they do happen.
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), a co-chair of the Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit (GMIS) hosted the panel Investment Promotion 4.0: What Role for Artificial Intelligence? to discuss the potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to close investment and technology gaps, focusing on lessons-learned from previous investment promotion paradigms and identified AI risks and opportunities.
“There is a high demand for risk mitigation measures for investors,” said UNIDO Director General, LI Yong. “And the formulation of effective and innovative risk mitigation solutions is a pressing priority for UNIDO’s stakeholders.”
Weixi Gong, Chief of UNIDO’s Investment Promotion Division and Coordinator for the Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPOs) network, used the opportunity to introduce the novel concept of “Investment Promotion 4.0” to a wide community of professionals and leaders. “For the first time ever, a new generation of investment promotion has been introduced that will also explore the role and services offered by the ITPOs,” Gong said.
Dr. Hashim Suleiman Hussein Mohamed, Head of UNIDO ITPO Bahrain, said that there was a need to improve the quality of people’s skills and empower them. A knowledge transfer is considered essential, whereby stakeholders in developing countries should be made aware what is happening in industrialised countries. The ideal situation would be to work with educational bodies, vocational centres, civil society, and financial institutions and ensure the right eco-system is being developed, he said.
A joint initiative of the United Arab Emirates and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, GMIS is the world’s first cross-industry and cross-functional platform that unites manufacturers, governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), technologists, and investors to build a roadmap towards investing in capabilities, fostering innovation and developing the skills needed to position the manufacturing sector at the forefront of global economic growth and a key driver to advance the 17 SDGs.
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The Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit (GMIS) was established in 2015 to build bridges between manufacturers, governments and NGOs, technologists, and investors in harnessing the Fourth Industrial Revolution’s (4IR) transformation of manufacturing, to enable the regeneration of the global economy. A joint initiative by the United Arab Emirates and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), GMIS is a platform that presents the manufacturing sector with an opportunity to contribute towards global good, and that is committed to bringing benefit to all. As the world’s first cross-industry initiative, GMIS offers a platform for leaders to engage on the issue of the future of manufacturing, highlighting the need for greater investment in capabilities to foster innovation and drive skills development on a global scale. Uniting key stakeholders – including world leaders, industry CEOs, and specialist researchers and academics – GMIS has placed manufacturing at the heart of economic transformation and government policy-making, promoting it as a tool for global cooperation and collaboration.
The first edition of the Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit was held under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, at the Paris Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi in March 2017. It brought together over 3,000 leaders from government, business, and civil society from over 40 countries to advance manufacturing and industrial development globally, and to identify key trends and opportunities across 6 themes.